Home

Nuclear test map

Nuclear Test Map For 1969 to 2017 - Science Ton

  1. This investigation maps the nuclear tests registering 5.5 or greater on the Richter scale from 1969 to 2017. (Click on the markers to find out more about that test). At first it may look as if there are not many tests, but if you zoom in on one of the clusters, you will see many more markers
  2. One map that shows every nuclear explosion in history. The first successful nuclear detonation in history was the Trinity test, carried out by the United States Army in July 1945
  3. The 2053 nuclear tests and explosions that took place between 1945 and 1998 are plotted visually and audibly on a world map. As the video starts out detonati..
  4. Map all coordinates in List of nuclear test sites using: OpenStreetMap A nuclear test site carved out of the Nevada Test and Training Range in Nye County, Nevada in 1952. Roughly the size of Rhode Island, it contains many terrains in which various bombs can be tested
  5. This is the old, classic version of NUKEMAP. It no longer works very well, and its information can be inaccurate. You can use it if you want. But you probably should use NUKEMAP2 instead.. Click here to use NUKEMAP

One map that shows every nuclear explosion in history

  1. A few days ago I was doing research on nuclear war, world war 3, and potential nuclear targets and safe distances from those target sites when I came across the NUKEMAP.. The U.S. nuclear target map is an interesting and unique program unlike other nuclear target maps because it lets you pick the target and what size nuclear device that the area you chose is hit with and then shows the likely.
  2. Nuclear weapons testing is the act of experimentally and deliberately firing one or more nuclear devices in a controlled manner pursuant to a military, scientific or technological goal. This has been done on test sites on land or waters owned, controlled or leased from the owners by one of the eight nuclear nations: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France, China, India.
  3. Map showing nuclear test sites in Australia. The United Kingdom conducted 12 major nuclear weapons tests in Australia between 1952 and 1957. These explosions occurred at the Montebello Islands, Emu Field and Maralinga. Several books have been written about nuclear weapons testing in Australia
  4. Browse and download Minecraft Nuclear Maps by the Planet Minecraft community

Nuclear Detonation Timeline 1945-1998 - YouTub

  1. The Nuclear Test Series. United States nuclear tests were conducted on an intermittent basis from July 1946to October 1958. During this period, nuclear tests were conducted in groups known asoperations or test series, each series was a distinct operation that was organized and carried out independently of other operations
  2. ing
  3. MISSILEMAP is an interactive data visualization by Alex Wellerstein, an assistant professor of Science and Technology Studies in the College of Arts and Letters at the Stevens Institute of Technology.. MISSILEMAP is designed to make it easy to see the relationship between missile range, accuracy, and warhead size
  4. Since the first nuclear test explosion on July 16, 1945, at least eight nations have detonated 2,056 nuclear test explosions at dozens of test sites, including Lop Nor in China, the atolls of the Pacific, Nevada, Algeria where France conducted its first nuclear device, western Australia where the U.K. exploded nuclear weapons, the South Atlantic, Semipalatinsk in Kazakhstan, across Russia, and.
Landsat Image Gallery - Revisiting Bikini AtollOperation Greenhouse - Wikipedia

List of nuclear test sites - Wikipedi

NUKEMAP Classic - Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blo

About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. This is a birds eye view, from Google Earth, of the Nevada Nuclear Testing Site near Las Vegas, Nevada. I also mention Area 51, which is very near the test s.. Nuclear Testing. Since the first nuclear test explosion on July 16, 1945, at least eight nations have detonated 2,056 nuclear test explosions at dozens of test sites, including Lop Nor in China, the atolls of the Pacific, Nevada, Algeria where France conducted its first nuclear device, western Australia where the U.K. exploded nuclear weapons. The threat of nuclear catastrophe is higher now than at any time since the Cold War, but public understanding of this issue is much lower. To increase engagement for denuclearization, the Outrider Foundation partnered with Bluecadet to release Bomb Blast — an interactive tool allowing the public to visualize the unimaginable local impact of a nuclear detonation

Bikini Dive/Tourism Information: The Ships

U.S. Nuclear Target Map (Do You Live In a Death Zone?

In 2012, a historian of nuclear weapons, Alex Wellerstein, decided it's time for nuking Google Maps. While this might sound terrifying at first, it is actually quite a fun project which combines Google Maps technology with some other web technologies you might or might not be familiar with http://www.ctbto.org/specials/1945-1998-by-isao-hashimoto Hi guys another map is here and its a nuke test map so now you can download some mods or just put a bunch of tnt there and go out with the bang ENJOY YOUR MAP D Download map now! The Minecraft Map, [NUCLEAR TEST MAP] by Zephyr, was posted by Zerpen7 nuclear tests: 2006-2017 6: 6: 0.7 to 250 197.8: Totals: 2006-Oct-9 to 2017-Sep-3 6 6 0.7 to 250 197.8 (Based on average yield from lower to upper estimates as the Government of DPRK does not announce the exact yield.) Total country yield is 0.036% of all nuclear testin Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps

Google Maps geek reveals sites of nuclear bomb blast and 'perfect' meteor crater in personal quest to find best aerial shots. there were some maps showing some nuclear bomb test sites nearby Locations of Nuclear Explosions * *) Nuclear Weapons used in World War II, August 1945 Test Sites: USA . USSR . UK . France . China . India . Pakistan . DPRK . The figures used in this map are approximate and based on official government sources, as well as on information provided by research institutions such as the Natural Resources. Non-signatories India and Pakistan last tested nuclear weapons in 1998. The most recent nuclear test was by North Korea on Feb. 12, 2013. - Wikipedia For a more detailed resource on the history of Nuclear testing, see this United Nations guide, released August 29, 2012, the official 'International Day Against Nuclear Tests'

List of nuclear weapons tests - Wikipedi

This map provides you with the location and type of nuclear facility. Map locations are approximate. By clicking on the facility icon, information about the facility will appear. The alternate text for this Google map is the list of addresses found below the map. Installations CNSC offices Research facilities Uranium mines and mills Processing an If you like this and are interested in my stuff, please Diamond, Subscribe and or Favorite D Hey. In the past months I have been building many things... In the five decades between that fateful day in 1945 and the opening for signature of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996, over 2,000 nuclear tests were carried out all over the world.. The United States conducted 1,032 tests between 1945 and 1992.; The Soviet Union carried out 715 tests between 1949 and 1990.; The United Kingdom carried out 45 tests between 1952 and 1991 During the 1950s, the mushroom clouds, from the 100 atmospheric tests, could be seen from almost 100 mi (160 km) away.The city of Las Vegas experienced noticeable seismic effects, and the mushroom clouds, which could be seen from the downtown hotels, became tourist attractions. St. George, Utah received the brunt of the fallout from above-ground nuclear testing in the Yucca Flats/Nevada Test Site Nuclear Tests (Australia v. France) Cases Previous Next Overview of the case Institution of proceedings Provisional measures Questions of jurisdiction and/or admissibility Intervention Written proceedings Oral proceedings Other documents Orders Judgment

Pictures: Effects of Nuclear Bomb Testing in Kazakhstan

By two Orders of 22 June 1973, the Court, at the request of Australia and New Zealand, indicated provisional measures to the effect, inter alia , that pending judgment France should avoid nuclear tests causing radioactive fall-out on Australian or New Zealand territory United States Nuclear Tests -- By Date Test Date (GCT) Location Type Purpose Yield Range 1 Trinity 07/16/45 Alamogordo, New Mexico Tower Weapons Related 21 kt First test of a nuclear weapon This document is a compilation of all nuclear tests and simultaneous detonations that the United States has conducted Below are seven nuclear test sites in the Atlas that you can still visit today, vestiges of this sobering turning point in the evolution of warfare. Trinity — The Birthplace of the Atomic Ag Nuclear weapons stockpiles have ebbed and flowed over the years, as countries like the US and Russia carry out arms-reduction agreements. Here's how many nukes exist today, and which countries. The Test Ban Treaty of 1963 prohibits nuclear weapons tests or any other nuclear explosion in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water. It does not ban tests underground. The goal of the treaty is to end radioactive contamination of the environment. The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT

Nuclear weapons tests in Australia - Wikipedi

  1. This statistic shows the number of nuclear tests carried out by countries worldwide from 1945 until July 2020
  2. The Nuclear Test Personnel Review (NTPR) program is a Department of Defense (DoD) program that confirms veteran participation in U.S. nuclear tests from 1945 to 1992, and the occupation forces of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Members of this group are sometimes referred to as atomic veterans or atomic vets
  3. Borovoye Archive Data from Underground Nuclear Tests. Seismic data from underground nuclear tests recorded at the Borovoye Geophysical Observatory (BRV) since 1966 are available in CSS3.0 relational database format. Waveform data from 711 explosions are available at this site. Complete set of the waveform data should be available from IRIS-DMC in Seattle, WA and CMR (Center for Monitoring.
  4. Oceanographers Map Legacy of Nuclear Tests at The team used sonar to sweep the 180-foot-deep lagoon used as a test site, creating a map of the craters left behind by the detonations as.

Choose a city or location (type in an address) and select the size or type of nuclear weapon to be detonated. Depending on the weather conditions, the size of the certain and probable area of the nuclear firestorm, created by the nuclear explosion, will vary. The model used to approximate the size of the firestorm is accurate in the range of 10 to 20% Pokhran-II nuclear test site (Google Maps). Pokharan-II refers to test explosions of five nuclear devices, three on 11 May and two on 13 May 1998, conducted by India at the Pokhran test range. These nuclear tests resulted in a variety of sanctions against India by a number of major states, and were.. Japanese artist Isao Hashimoto's 1945-1998 is an animated map showing the 2,053 nuclear explosions that took place around the world during the 20th century, from the detonations at Alamogordo, Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 to the tests conducted by India and Pakistan in 1998

Nevada (Nuclear) Test Site (Google Maps). Craters and mounds created by shallow and deeper underground nuclear tests performed up until the early 1990' Nuclear test veterans can sue MoD. Published 5 June 2009 'I think I saw the face of God' Published 8 November 2012. 1957: Britain drops its first H-bomb. Published 25 November 2002. Top Stories The Nevada Test Site (NTS), 65 miles north of Las Vegas, was one of the most significant nuclear weapons test sites in the United States. Nuclear testing, both atmospheric and underground, occurred here between 1951 and 1992. After World War II, the U.S. government established the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) to monitor the peacetime development of atomic science an View Nuclear Weapons Worldwide in a full screen map. The Federation of American Scientists has compiled the data on many nuclear stockpile locations. Obviously missing from the map above is Russia's weapons, though we can see some of the US arsenal stored outside of the United States Nuclear fallout maps, 3D, 3D Prism maps, nuclear testing, Nevada Test Site, radioisotopes. MAPS From the beginning of America's continental nuclear test program in January 1951, the Atomic Energy Commission (which later become part of the Department of Energy) recorded the deposition of nuclear fallout in the continental United States

Nuclear Minecraft Maps Planet Minecraft Communit

The British government / military conducted seven nuclear weapons tests at Maralinga in 1956-57 (and two tests at nearby Emu Fields). Maralinga was also the site of a large number of 'minor trials' or 'safety tests' which resulted in extensive local radioactive contamination Nuclear weapons Nuclear detonations from 1945 to present plotted on a world map - video This eerie visualisation was created by Ortibal Mechanics , an audiovisual collective based in Montreal The French nuclear test veterans' association, Aven, conducted a survey in 2008 of more than 1,000 veterans and found that 35 percent had one or more types of cancer and one in five were infertile. According to Aven , veterans have suffered a range of illnesses, including cancers of the blood and cardiovascular problems, and their children and grandchildren are also suffering health complications Map showing nuclear power stations in the UK. Published 30 April 2012 From: Department of Energy & Climate Change. Documents. Map of nuclear power stations in the UK. PDF, 48.

Trinity test - Wikimedia Commons

Gallery of U.S. Nuclear Tests

About 25,000 servicemen from Britain, Australia, New Zealand and Fiji took part in the British nuclear tests. They began in 1952 on the Montebello Islands off the north-west coast of West Australia before moving a year later to Emu Field in SA's Great Victoria Desert and Maralinga from 1956 Unprecedented digital maps from one of World War II's first-ever nuclear test sites reveal the devastation left by more than 20 underwater atomic bombs The old nuclear test site is a location in Fallout: New Vegas.. Background. This ancient location served as a test range for nuclear weapons for over a century, until the Great War turned the whole world into a thermonuclear proving grounds. The decades of testing left the entire area highly irradiated due to nuclear fallout and other debris scattered across the grounds Google Maps plus data from the U.S. Geological Survey reveals the exact location of North Korea's third nuclear test Map showing nuclear test sites in Australia Several books have been written about nuclear weapons testing in Australia. These include Britain, Australia and the Bomb , Maralinga: Australia's Nuclear Waste Cover-up and My Australian Story : Atomic Testing: The Diary of Anthony Brown, Woomera, 1953

Nuclear Bomb Craters on Google Maps Academo

The United States is home to 21 stranded nuclear-waste storage sites, according to a new map from the Congressional Research Service that displays a total of 80 sites where the country's. The old nuclear test site is a location in the Mojave Wasteland in 2281. It is located equidistant from Caesar's Legion safehouse to the northwest and the crashed vertibird to the southeast. 1 Background 2 Layout 3 Notable loot 4 Notes 5 Appearances 6 Behind the scenes 7 Gallery 8 References The location appears to have served as a pre-War nuclear weapon test range and waste disposal area. The nuclear target / fallout maps shown below are in the public domain. They vary with regards to nuclear proliferation and opinion of the day during the time they were published years ago. Some maps are older than others and might not represent some of the changes which have occurred since their publish, but they are still interesting to examine, especially relative to one's own locatio #1 Sedan nuclear test Nuclear Weapons Test Updated: 2020-01-31 Storax Sedan was a shallow underground nuclear test conducted in Area 10 of Yucca Flat at the Nevada National Security Site on July 6, 1962, as part of Operation Plowshare, a program to investigate the use of nuclear weapons for mining, cratering, and other civilian purposes. The radioactive fallout from the test contaminated more.

His map shows just how enormous the camp is, and how close to the nuclear test facility to the west: And here's an image of a small collection of buildings with some of the maybe-prisoners. Map of Trinity (nuclear test) Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States Army on July 16, 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project. The White Sands Proving Ground, where the test was conducted, was in the Jornada del Muerto desert about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of Socorro, New Mexico, on the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range These maps could be useful for weather forecasting, Able produced no visible crater, but sonar revealed that the 21-kiloton Baker test, the first ever underwater nuclear detonation,. For other uses, see Nuketown. Nuclear testing grounds. Lots of fast paced action. — Nuketown's map description Nuketown is an iconic multiplayer map featured in Call of Duty: Black Ops,Call of Duty Online and Call of Duty: Mobile with a heavy emphasis on extremely close-quarters combat. The map has been remade and featured in Call of Duty: Black Ops II,Call of Duty: Black Ops III,Callof.

North Korea has conducted six underground nuclear tests so far and each one has taken it closer to what decades of international talks have tried to prevent - a nuclear weapon in the hands of one. With any nuclear test there is the danger of health problems developing among the people and other living things near the test site. At the Mississippi nuclear test site, one fear in 1964 was that these underground explosions would blow out during the tests, sending dirt, gasses, and radioactive material high into the air

Trinity (nuclear test) - Wikipedia

Official MapQuest website, find driving directions, maps, live traffic updates and road conditions. Find nearby businesses, restaurants and hotels. Explore On each side of the map, you can find a nuclear shelter. The left button sends the elevator to the opposite floor, the right one calls it to your current one (It takes 35 seconds for the elevator to move completely). Once in the shelter, you will find a Fallout styled Vault. the left button opens the vault door #1 Trinity nuclear test Nuclear Weapons Test Updated: 2020-05-19 Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear device. It was conducted by the United States Army at 5:29 a.m. on July 16, 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project. The test was conducted in the Jornada del Muerto desert about 35 mi southeast of Socorro, New Mexico, on what was then the USAAF Alamogordo Bombing and. Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities Low-Level Waste Waste Incidental to Reprocessing High-Level Waste. Map of Research and Test Reactor Sites. Page Last Reviewed/Updated Friday, July 17, 2020. Home. NEWS RELEASES. EVENT REPORTS. ADAMS. OPEN GOV. DIGITAL GOVERNMENT. THE STUDENT CORNER This simulator maps the effect of a single nuclear bomb on an individual target. Using open-source physics and weapon models, it provides a simplified view of the aftermath of the detonation. You can select a target on any city (over 20,000 people) in the US. Air detonations are assumed to detonate at the optimal altitude for maximum impact

Have you ever visited a Nuclear Explosion Map website to see what the visual impact of a nuke would do to your closest city? It's like watching a car wreck, you don't really want to see it, but can't quite look away. That's exactly what it's like when you visit this Nuke Map Website. Here's an excellent video of The Canadian Prepper using this map software BUT i do not own this map but it is modified a little now theres a crater where the bomb blew up and some other things once... Home Minecraft Maps Area 55 nuclear test site Minecraft Map Logi

About MISSILEMAP - Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blo

the nuclear bomb test has a protective chamber where you will not get blown up and has a huge 4 missile barrels which will be pointed in next update .to see a huge explosion download now WARNING: may lag your CPU out Where's my test window? Either a pop-up blocker blocked it, the test window was moved or minimized, or the test window opened and was accidentally closed. Here's what you can do to fix it. Reason 1: A pop-up blocker is blocking the test window. MAP is a registered trademark

Manhattan Project: Trinity Images

The map (screenshot shown), created by he Future of Life Institute in Cambridge Massachusetts uses data from a declassified list of US nuclear targets compiled in 1956 Nuclear Britain Map. Click left to see a map of Britain's nuclear sites, of which there are many all over the country. Accidents and mishaps often take place at some of these sites; and of course, what happens at these sites can have far-reaching consequences for people across the world.. Stand with CND as we campaign against the government's nuclear policie Our completely free MAP practice tests are the perfect way to brush up your skills. Take one of our many MAP practice tests for a run-through of commonly asked questions. You will receive incredibly detailed scoring results at the end of your MAP practice test to help you identify your strengths and weaknesses The last test took place on 12 February 1989 and resulted in a leakage of large amounts of the radioactive noble gases xenon and krypton, according to Gusev et al. in The Semipalatinsk nuclear test site: a first assessment of the radiological situation and the test-related radiation doses in the surrounding territories.Peterson et al. describe how the radionuclides emanating from these tests.

The map was presented yesterday (Dec. 9) During the 1946 nuclear weapons test known as Operation Crossroads, the U.S. wanted to test the impact of nuclear bombs on warships Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site map as presented by DPRK overlain on Google Earth overview of the facility. (Image: Google Earth, annotation by 38 North.) Figure 2. Overview of the Punggye-ri nuclear test site showing camera and journalist viewing positions around the site for observing the destruction of portals and support buildings

Lop Nor is China's only nuclear weapons test site, conducts nuclear weapons training and may be a major nuclear weapons stockpile location. [1] The Lop Nor test site covers 100,000 square kilometers, making it the largest in the world by a factor of almost twenty. [2] Approximately 20,000 square kilometers have been used for nuclear testing purposes, with such a large size attributed to the. A nuclear stress test can show whether the heart is healthy and how much blood reaches it. During the test, a person may be asked to exercise or rest, and they are injected with a small amount of.

Get on the List . The Nevada Test Site is located about 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada on US-95, but you can't just drive up to the facility and look around!Public tours are conducted only four times a year, with specific dates determined a few months in advance Bikini Atoll Nuclear Tests Compensation. The U.S. government's nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands began in 1946, right after the conclusion of World War II. The 100-plus indigenous people living on Bikini Atoll at the time were moved to other islands in order to enable nuclear testing to begin At 10 a.m. on Oct. 22, 1964, a five-kiloton nuclear device was detonated in Lamar County, Mississippi. The previous year, as a response to rising public anxiety over the potential fallout of. See an approximate overview of all nuclear testing to date, as well as the CTBT status of the countries that have conducted nuclear tests. See also map. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT.

This calculator estimates radiation dose and risk of developing thyroid cancer from fallout exposure from nuclear tests. Introduction During the Cold War in the mid-1940s through early 1960s, the U.S. government conducted about 100 nuclear weapons (atomic bomb) tests in the atmosphere at a test site in Nevada, more than 100 in the Pacific, and one—the first ever—in New Mexico Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty, treaty signed in Moscow on August 5, 1963, by the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom that banned all tests of nuclear weapons except those conducted underground. The origins of the treaty lay in worldwide public concern over the danger posed b From 1952 to 1963, the British government, with the permission of the Australian government, conducted a series of nuclear weapons development tests in Australia. Following the clean-up of the area around Maralinga in South Australia where nuclear weapons testing was conducted, radiation dose assessments have shown that the area is suitable for access The British nuclear weapon tests on Kiritimati (or Christmas) Island had profound and lasting cultural consequences for both atomic veterans and local islanders

Starfish Prime was a high-altitude nuclear test conducted on July 9, 1962 as part of a group of tests collectively known as Operation Fishbowl. While Starfish Prime was not the first high-altitude test, it was the largest nuclear test ever conducted by the United States in space As golden anniversaries go, it's a somber occasion. In a forlorn expanse of desert scarcely an hour's drive northwest of Las Vegas, on Jan. 27, 1951, the Nevada Test Site went into operation by exploding an atomic bomb.During more than a decade, mushroom clouds often rose toward the sky. Winds routinely carried radioactive fallout to communities in Utah, Nevada and norther Nuclear weapons: Who has what? Updated January 6, 2015 More than two dozen countries have nuclear power, but only a few have nuclear weapons or are suspected of pursuing nuclear weapons The British government / military conducted three nuclear bomb tests at Monte Bello Islands off the coast of Western Australia . While the Islands were uninhabited, the nuclear tests conducted there spread radioactivity across large portions of mainland Australia - for example one test resulted in 'radioactive rain' on the Queensland coast Map of U.S. Research Nuclear Reactors. There are 36 non-power nuclear reactors currently operating in the U.S. These smaller nuclear reactors, which do not generate power, are in locations such as universities and other organizations where research, testing or training is conducted The Plowshare program was canceled in 1975. In its September 2011 report on all the nuclear test projects, the U.S. Department of Energy concluded: By 1974, approximately 82 million dollars had been invested in the nuclear gas stimulation technology program (i.e., nuclear tests Gasbuggy, Rulison, and Rio Blanco)

  • Zomerse cocktail.
  • Fotoplank.
  • Villa Nova Bouw ervaringen.
  • Tommy Hilfiger Jeans Heren sale.
  • Zwitserse voetbalclub.
  • Nederlandse wijnbouwers.
  • Bandopnemers Philips.
  • De roze engel openingstijden.
  • Babyhapje pindakaas recept.
  • Camera laten schoonmaken.
  • Badge ontwerpen online.
  • Qatar Airways Indonesia.
  • Tijdelijke leegstand eigen woning.
  • Noedels met kip Lekker en Simpel.
  • Bindweefselziekte.
  • Adoptie uit Amerika.
  • EaseUS Todo Backup Free features.
  • Beste Instagram moment.
  • Visum Irak.
  • Graniet vensterbank.
  • 4 delige schuifpui.
  • Bubbelen stem.
  • Standbeelden Nederland.
  • CO2 uitstoot Amerika.
  • Stekelnootje onderhoud.
  • BMW E46 328i problemen.
  • WSI verkrijgbaar.
  • IMindMap 12.
  • Dermatoscoop Welch Allyn.
  • Oriental leidschenhage.
  • Nikon D3400 lens compatibility.
  • Yes movies.
  • ACSI camping Flensburg.
  • Cheverny wijn.
  • Professionele hondentrainer.
  • Gone serie Netflix.
  • AKD Maastoren.
  • Lijn tattoo.
  • Gebruikte autobanden.
  • Gedroogde Shiitake prijs.
  • Rousing fighting spirit.